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Lumped-parameters equivalent circuit for condenser microphones modeling

Auteur(s) : J. Esteves, L. Rufer, D. Ekeom, S. Basrour

Journal : Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Volume : 142

Issue : 4

Pages : 2121-2132

Doi : 10.1121/1.5006905

This work presents a lumped parameters equivalent model of condenser microphone based on analogies between acoustic, mechanical, fluidic, and electrical domains. Parameters of the model were determined mainly through analytical relations and/or finite element method (FEM) simulations. Special attention was paid to the air gap modeling and to the use of proper boundary condition. Corresponding lumped-parameters were obtained as results of FEM simulations. Because of its simplicity, the model allows a fast simulation and is readily usable for microphone design. This work shows the validation of the equivalent circuit on three real cases of capacitive microphones, including both traditional and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems structures. In all cases, it has been demonstrated that the sensitivity and other related data obtained from the equivalent circuit are in very good agreement with available measurement data.